Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is required for personnel safety against hazards occurring from industrial work & activities.
PPE is equipment that will protect the user against health or safety risks at work. It can include items such as safety helmets, gloves, eye protection, high-visibility clothing, safety footwear and safety harnesses. It also includes Respiratory Protective Equipment (RPE).
Types of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
- Protective gloves
- Protective clothing
- Protective footwear
- Eye & Ear protection
- Head protection
Making the workplace safe includes providing instructions, procedures, training and supervision to encourage people to work safely and responsibly.
Even where engineering controls and safe systems of work have been applied, some hazards might remain. These include injuries from breathing in contaminated air, injuries to the head and feet, eg from falling materials, to the eyes, eg from flying particles or splashes of corrosive liquids, to the skin, eg from contact with corrosive materials, to the body, eg from extremes of heat or cold.
Respirators helps in filtering contaminants from workplace air. These include simple filtering facepieces and respirators, half and full masks & self-contained breathing apparatus.
The right type of respirator filter must be used as each is effective for only a limited range of substances and filers only have a limited period of life. Usually breathing apparatus is used in a confined space where there is a chance of an oxygen deficiency in the work place.
Gloves comes in different options, gloves with a cuff, gauntlets and sleeving that covers part or all of the arm. Hand gloves protect against hazards from Abrasion, temperature extremes, cuts and punctures, impact, chemicals, electric shock, radiation etc.
Protective clothing include conventional or disposable overalls, boiler suits, aprons and chemical suits to get protection against heat, chemical or metal splash, spray from pressure leaks or spray guns.
Different varieties comes in whole body overalls like flame-retardant, anti-static and high-visibility clothing.
Protective footwear includes safety boots and shoes with protective toecaps which help protect against falling objects and heavy loads. They are also penetration resistant and also provides safety against wet, hot and cold conditions, electrostatic build-up, slipping, cuts and punctures.
Eye & Ear protection:
Safety spectacles, goggles, face screens, faceshields, visors are used for eye protection from chemicals or metal splash, dust, projectiles, gas and vapour, radiation etc and earplugs and earmuffs keeps from high level of sound and noises. Rightly choose protectors that reduce noise to an acceptable level, while allowing to work with safety and communication.
Head & neck protection:
This includes industrial safety helmets, bump caps, hairnets and fire-fighter's helmet. They give safety against impact from falling or flying objects, risk of head bumping, hair getting tangled in machinery, chemical drips or splashes. Helmets comes in different varieties and categories from full face masks to hard hat. Also for neck protection during welding use scarves.
For assessing the need and selection of safety items and we must answer to the following question as to whom or which worker is exposed to what type of conditions and for how much time they are exposed to. Also always choose products which are CE marked and are in accordance with the Personal Protective Equipment Regulations 2002.