Udaipur city, is a lovely land around the azure water lakes, hemmed in by the lush hills of Aravallis. Also popular as "Venice of the East", Udaipur is a scenic beauty having palaces, mountains and mesmerising natural landscapes. It has kaleidoscope of fairy tale of palaces, lakes, temples and gardens. The city carries the flavour of heroic past, epitomizing velour and chivalry.
Legend of Udaipur
Udaipur was founded in 1553 by Maharna Udai Singh II as the final capital of the erstwhile Mewar Kingdom, located to the south of Nagada on the banks of Banas river. The foundation of the city has an interesting legend associated with it, is such that the Maharana Udai Singh II came upon a hermit while hunting in the foothills of the Aravalli range. The hermit blessed the king and asked him to build a palace on the spot, assuring him it would be well protected. Udai Singh II consequently established a residence on the site. In 1568 the Mughal emperor Akbar captured the fort of Chittorgarh and Udai Singh II moved capital to Udaipur.
As the Mughal empire weakened, the Sisodia Ranas and later Maharanas (Also called Guhilots or Suryavansh), who had always tried to oppose Mughal dominance, reasserted their independence and recaptured most of Mewar except for Chittorgarh.
Udaipur remained the capital of the state, which became a princely state of British India in 1818.
When India got Independence in 1947, the Maharaja of Udaipur granted the place to the Government of Inida.
Udaipur also known as "Jewel of Mewar", Udaipur is located in the center of an ampitheatre valley and is encircled by Aravalli hills. Also known as "City of Lakes" it is located in a fertile valley and surrounded by four lakes, Lake Pichola, Fatehsagar, Govardhan Sagar, Udai sagar lake and Badi Talab. Sajjangarh Forte is located at highest peak of 922 meters.
Geographical location and Climate
Situated in north-eastern part of Girwa Tehsil of Udaipur district, Udaipur is historically and geographically the heart of erstwhile Mewar State. Located almost in the middle on stretch of Delhi- Mumbai National Highway (NH8).
Udaipur city has particularly a tropical climate. The three main seasons, summer, monsoon and winter respectively, dominate the city of Udaipur. However, Udaipur is the only place in Rajasthan that has quite moderate climate throughout the year. In summers, the scorching sun makes the city hot whereas in winters the weather is pleasant.