Causes of Plastic Pollution
Every year 88 lac tonnes of plastic waste is added to mother nature, to our seas and oceans. And that is why every year around 1 lac population of ocean creatures are dying. Plastic is causing much harm to the mother nature as plastic is never getting destroying for around 1000 years to come.
More dangerous is we are producing 300 million tonnes of plastic every year. We have make our oceans a dumping yard. As every year we throw 35 lac ton of plastic bags and 46 thousand of plastic bags is found in every square mile of our seas and oceans.
No doubt plastic has become essential for our every day needs, from milk bottles to medicine pills we need plastic. Use of polythene bags have increased so much that every year we consume around 500 billions of plastic bags. India is among the top 20 nations producing plastic waste every year. Around 15,342 tonnes of plastic waste is produced in India in a single day.
Hazards and harmful effects of plastic waste
Plastic is never destroying, quality of plastic lesser than 50 microns gets split after drying and mix into soil. This process makes our ground water polluted.
Due to pollution more than 1200 ocean creatures are in danger. Most polluted sea beaches are Mumbai, Andaman Nicobar, and kerala.
As we do not have adequate solution of plastic waste so many part of plastic waste is dumped in landfill sites and other is put on fire, which increases air pollution.
Use of plastic cutlery items is hazardous to health and environment. Use of plastic bottles for drinking items is considered safe but still when expose to heat become dangerous, as low quality plastic may leave toxins in eatables and drinking items.
Measures to reduce plastic waste
- In India, government brings up changes to the rule for plastic waste control. Made a increase in width of plastic from 40 to 50 microns.
- Plastic manufacturers and brand owners are added to plastic collect back system. Meaning, these manufacturers are given responsibility to develop a system to recllect plastic material from the market.
- Many states have put a ban on plastic including Gujarat, Madya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab, Delhi, Karnataka, Maharashtra etc. Still Maharashtra, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu are highest in producing plastic waste.
- Produce plastic items for durable use and less for a single use, as single time use of plastic is of use and throw nature.
- Use good quality jute and paper bags instead of plastic bags for shopping purpose and other activities. Shopping brands must take care of this to use alternative of plastic bags while promoting and providing services to their customers.
- Do not throw away plastic items, rather make a habit of recycle and reuse.
Note: We can put some amount of charges on use of a poly bags, as the same prove the best of reducing use of plastic bags in Ireland.
Types of plastics
It can be used twice and it is a durable item. Cooking oil and Water bottles are made from this. This proves to be average dangerous.
It is used for limited usage items like: milk jugs, juice and water containers, shampoo bottles and bags, it is considered less dangerous.
It is considered not safe of reuse, should be avoid using it twice. Used for pillow cover and containers, plumbing pipes etc. This is considered dangerous for environment.
It can be made recycled normally used for grocery bags and garbage cans and lumber. Normally this is less dangerous.
Can be used after recycling like food containers like tupperware and kitchenware and medical prescription bottles. This kind of plastic is considered less dangerous.
PS (Polystyrene or Styrofoam)
We cannot make use of it twice, plastic cutlery and cups are made of it, the use of this kind of plastic is dangerous.
The remaining plastics include: polycarbonate, polylactide, acrylic, acrylonitrile butadiene, styrene, fiberglass, and nylon.
What Are Plastic SPI Codes?
See a full breakdown of each kind of plastic, along with its associated SPI resin code for better identification of different types of plastic.
- SPI Code 1 - PET or PETE
- SPI Code 2 - HDPE
- SPI Code 3 - PVC
- SPI Code 4 - LDPE
- SPI Code 5 - PP
- SPI Code 6 - PS
- SPI Code 7 - Miscellaneous
In 1988, the Society of the Plastics Industry (SPI) established a classification system to help people properly recycle and dispose of their plastics. Today, manufacturers usually mold or place a number, or SPI code, into the bottom of each product.
Facts Abount Plastic Pollution
- 4.3 billions of crude oil is utilized every year for manufacturing plastic bags.
- Do you know? - 90 types of companies are producing plastic waste accounting to 63% of total.
- Top seven companies come from energy sector, includes oil, gas and coal firms, & rest counts for cement manufacturing units.
What do we get on recycling plastic?
We will save 685 gallons of oil. 5774 kilowatts of energy, moreover 30 cubic yards will be saved from becoming garbage spit.
Most important birds, fishes and dolphins will be safe.