Electronic Waste and Environment Today

What is e-waste, e waste problems and its management in India.

 

Posted: May 29, 2019. | By: mustafa

Electronic Waste and Environment Today

In India only every year 6.2 crore tonnes of garbage is produced half of which is e-waste. As there is 10 times increase in electronic consumption last five years.

Electronic waste includes items like mobile, television, computer or laptop. With India Advancement in area of Information Technology and Digitalisation there have been rapid increase in use of computers and laptops in numbers from 8 crores to 40 crores.

vehicles was made in the year 2016.

Today everyone is having a smart or a mobile phone and according to the research data, in 2019 520 crore people will have a mobile phone. This makes the graph reach to 69% of world population.

Study shows that most of the people will have more than two handsets, including devices like, tablet, wifi laptop and connected devices.

Today we have 45 lac tonnes of Bio-medical waste which is also very hazardous to health. And also 30 lacs tonnes of plastic waste.

In India number of vehicles have increased to 18 crores today. While 65 percentage of total pollution in country is coming from old vehicles which are older than 15 years. According to the number of these vehicles are around 2.8 crores. Government is looking for a scraping policy which is going to make growth in auto industry in future. Estimation is there that if all these vehicles are scraped properly than there will be good number of 320 crore litres of save in fuel, around 25 to 30% and this will paved the way for 22% growth in auto industry.

Reducing pollutants in the air is important for human health and the environment. Poor air quality has harmful effects on human health, particularly the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. Pollutants can also damage plants and buildings, and smoke or haze can reduce visibility.

Measures to control pollution

  1. Mostly vehicles which are not considered fit for environment and running on the roads are threat to pollution control in the country. Pollution Control Scheme should be implemented thoroughly.
  2. There have been a sale of around 1.71 crores of two wheeler, fitness check of vehicle should be done. Fitness check certificate is issued to check the pollution caused by vehicles, also to maintain the vehicle in proper condition and to avoid further accidents.
  3. At the community level, we can reduce air pollutants by choosing to walk, cycle or take public transport rather than drive a car.

  4. We can also keep your car in good condition and drive to reduce fuel consumption and minimise emissions.
  5. We can buy items that have low-energy manufacture and use requirements, or which can be recycled.

Pollution Control Scheme in India

The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) of India is a statutory organisation under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (Mo.E.F.C).

 

Objectives of the scheme are as follow:

  1. To provide an incentive for manufacturers and importers to reduce adverse environmental impact of products.
  2. To reward genuine initiatives by companies to reduce adverse environmental impact of their products.
  3. To assist consumers to become environmentally responsible in their daily lives by providing information to take account of environmental factors in their purchase decisions.
  4. To encourage citizens to purchase products which have less harmful environmental impacts.
  5. Ultimately to improve the quality of the environment and to encourage the sustainable management of resources.

Refer : Objectives of the Pollution Control scheme


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