Udaipur is known as the "City of Lakes" and is the administrative headquarters of Udaipur district in Rajasthan. It was founded in 1553 by Maharana Udai Singh II as the capital of Mewar. It is situated very close to the Gujarat border in Southern Rajasthan. It is encompassed by Aravalli ranges, which separates it from the Thar Desert in Western Rajasthan.
Udaipur is spread across an area of 200 sq.km, with 5 lakh inhabitants, making it the sixth largest city in Rajasthan by population. Udaipur is a favoured tourist destination and is renowned for its culture, history, traditions, scenic locations and the Rajput-era palaces. Udaipur is also popular for its massive historic forts and palaces, museums, galleries, natural locations and gardens, architectural temples, as well as traditional fairs, festivals and structures.
The Udaipur economy is primarily driver by tourism, though minerals, marble processing, chemical manufacturing and development, electronic manufacturing and the handicraft industry are also contributors. Besides, it is rising as an educational hub as well, with 5 Universities, 14 colleges, more than 160 high schools, and the prestigious IIM-Udaipur.
Smart city is an urban region that uses various electronic data collection sensors to facilitate transfer of information which is used to direct assets and resources efficiently. It collects data from citizens, devices, and assets that is processed and analysed to monitor and manage traffic and transportation systems, power plants, water supply networks, waste management, law enforcement, information systems, schools, libraries, hospitals, and other community services. The smart city concept integrates information and communication technology (ICT), and various physical devices connected to the network (Internet of Things) to optimize the efficiency of city operations and services and connect to citizens. Smart city technology allows city officials to interact directly with both community and city infrastructure and to monitor what is happening in the city and how the city is evolving.
- Area based Development
- Retrofitting- Adding/repairing elements to enhance beauty and workability
- Greenfield- Development on vacant/open spaces
- Pan City Development
- Solid Waste Management
- Public Transport (Intelligent Transport System)
Proposed Smart City Interventions
- Providing additional 10% Subsidy for Solar Rooftops
- Implementation of Grid Connected Roof Top Solar PV System on buildings across city.
- Roof Top Solar panel of capacity 500 KW on roof tops of government building in wall city.
- LED Street lighting with 35000 LED lights.
- Water Quality Sensors will be installed in Fateh Sagar, Pichola and Govardhan Sagar for continuous water quality analysis.
- Using Lakes for Transport –Water Taxis with establishment of new jetties to boost tourism and revenue.
- Planning and elimination of all points of sewerage discharge into lakes.
- Prohibition of idol immersion in the lakes.
- Encroachment removal in immediate vicinity of lakes.
Smart city is a concept which is regarded as the solution for the present day problems along with future sustainability. Influx of rural population towards Udaipur in search of employment, livelihoods, education and other facilities has put immense pressure on present amenities. Need of the hour is to address problems of unemployment, pollution, transportation etc.
Smart cities can lead to sustainable development of the region. States and Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) will play a key supportive role in the development of smart cities. Smart leadership and vision at this level and ability to act decisively will be important factors in determining the success of the mission.
Understanding the concepts of retrofitting, rejuvenation and Greenfield development by the policy makers, developers and other stakeholders at different levels will require thorough planning, vision, and capacity building. Major investments in time and resources will have to be made during the planning phase prior to participation in the challenge.
Citizen’s involvement in the planning and vision process is of utmost importance to address the issues organically and effectively. Smart citizens participate and indulge in innovative techniques to deploy smart solutions, implementing reforms, doing more with less in order to make Udaipur as a smart city of the future.